The Highest Status of the Negro
New York Daily News, April 10, 1861
That socially and politically the negro is not the equal of the Caucasian is admitted generally at the North. Black Republican New York, when voting for Lincoln, repudiated the idea of negro suffrage, and some of the States of the West, that committed the same blunder at the last election, actually exclude the negro from their borders. Such a condition of inferiority, though in accordance with natural laws which have stamped on the negro a deficiency in mental vigor and in the faculty of will, is far from satisfactory. It leaves the negro an alien in the land of his birth, and a Pariah and outcast from society.
Very different is that relation which gives him a patron and protector in the dominant race who stands sponsor for him to society and who is responsible for him to the laws. The position of the negro is there defined; his duties are plainly recognized; he is relieved from the struggle for existence with a strange race, and from the influence of prejudice and oppression; he has but a single master to whom he is responsible, who watches over his well being and comfort, and in old age and sickness supports and protects him. His existence, it is true, is not idle; though relieved from the cares which belong to a highly artificial state of society, he shares in its benefits and enjoys the blessings of civilization without being subjected to the sufferings and calamities that befall so many of the dominant race. The increase of the race and the longevity of individuals attest that slavery is the best possible condition of the negro. To emancipate is to destroy the negro, unless it would, at the same time, separate him from contact with the more powerful family. Emancipation is death—slavery is life. Freedom for the negro is that of the savage—to elevate, ameliorate and Christianize him is the work of slavery. True philanthropy and respect for the happiness of the negro teach that slavery, as it exists at the South, confers the greatest good on his race. It is the highest and happiest status he has ever reached, and the true friends of the African are the supporters of this institution which makes him the companion and friend of the white, and links the latter, by the potent ties of self-interest, to watch over and protect him and his. Who would sever these friendly, confidential and pleasant relations in which the superior and inferior assume so naturally their position with respect to each other, and for it substitute an intolerable tyranny on one side and bitter hatred on the other? None but the crazy Abolitionists of the North, now ready to destroy the happiness of the country that four millions of blacks may starve and die in wretchedness and indolence.