The de Tocqueville Prize was intended as a quinquennial prize for the best published work in any language on the history of the United States by a foreign scholar. The prize was created by Council in 1974 to be awarded initially in 1979. No award was made in either 1979 or 1984, however, due to a lack of quality submissions. The future of the prize was discussed in the fall 1985 meeting of the Research Division and the consensus was that it should be offered once more before being discontinued. However, no award was made in 1989.
The Congressional Fellows program was funded by a grant from the Mellon Foundation for three years, renewed for another three, and by the Rockefeller Foundation for two years for a single fellow each year. Postdoctoral historians were assigned to the offices of congressional members or to committee staff for a full year, with salary paid by the AHA from grant funds.
Heather Huyck, Office of Rep. Bruce Vento (Subcommittee on Parks)
Timothy P. Maga (Rockefeller), Office of Rep. Mervyn Dymally (HFAC)
Jeffrey Stine, House Committee on Science and Technology
Marta Wagner, House Committee on Economic Stabilization (Banking, Finance)
Lois A. Aroian (Rockefeller), Office of Rep. Mervyn Dymally
David Corbin, Office of Sen. John Glenn (Democratic Policy Committee)
Marc Levine, Joint Economic Committee
Harley Balzer, Office of Rep. Lee Hamilton (HFAC)
Edward R. Long, Office of Rep. Thomas Harkin
David W. Reinhard, Office of Rep. Joseph McDade
Edward Abrahams, HR Interior Committee
Rosalie Schwartz, Office of Rep. Lee Hamilton (HFAC)
Duane Tananbaum, Office of Sen. Claiborne Pell (SFRC)
The First Books Program was designed to provide younger historians with publication outlets in an effort to overcome the high cost of publishing and other pressures on junior faculty members. The program was created by a committee consisting of Lewis Hanke, David Horne (then director of the Univ. Press of New England), Nancy Roelker, and Paul Schroeder. It was inaugurated in 1975 in collaboration with the American Association of Univ. Presses and administered by the Research Division. The program was opened to entries in 1977, when 11 manuscripts were received but none recommended for publication. The quality of submissions was still low in 1978, and the program was overhauled for the 1979–80 competition. In that year, 22 manuscripts were received, of which two were recommended for publication. The following year saw 11 more manuscripts entered, one of which was subsequently published. For the next two years, seven and four entries were received, none of which were published. In December 1982, Council voted to terminate the program on the basis that it had not proved a particularly useful way of getting manuscripts published, judges had been hard to secure, and historians were finding other publication outlets.
Edward H. Judge, LeMoyne Coll., The Russia of Plehue: Repression and Reform in Imperial Russia, 1902–1909 (Syracuse Univ. Press)
Daniel Czitrom, Mount Holyoke Coll., Media and the American Mind: From Morse to McLuhan (Univ. of North Carolina Press)
Michael E. Hobart, Lafayette Coll., Science and Religion in the Thought of Nicholas Malebranche (Univ. of North Carolina Press)
The American Historical Association/Folger Shakespeare Library Fellowship was sponsored jointly by the AHA and the Folger Shakespeare Library. It was awarded for research on 17th- and 18th-century western European history as a one-month fellowship taken at the Folger Shakespeare Library.
Rita Costa-Gomes, Towson Univ., A Cartographer's Tale: Boazio's 1588 View of Santiago
Amy Froide, Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County, Women's Financial Literacy in Early Modern England
Paul P. Musselwhite, Dartmouth Coll., Conceiving the Plantation Town: Civic Structure in English Atlantic Debate
The short-lived James Hazen Hyde Prize was established to acknowledge the best work on Franco-American relations or on the history of France in the nineteenth century. The prize was created with a bequest amounting to $1,000 in 1946 by James Hazen Hyde, a historian of 19th-century Franco-American relations and a life member of the AHA. Council originally intended to offer the prize at regular intervals, but it transpired that the award was granted only in 1948.
Louis R. Gottschalk, Lafayette Between the American Revolution and the French Revolution (Univ. of Chicago Press)
The Jusserand Medal was instituted in 1924 by Council to acknowledge the best work on international intellectual progress, in particular vis-à-vis relations between the United States and Europe. The medal was established to honor Jean Jules Jusserand, French ambassador to the United States and President of the American Historical Association in 1921. Although intended as an annual award, it became an occasional offering first given in 1925 and then in 1930, 1932, 1933, and 1937. The Jusserand Medal was discontinued by Council in 1938.
Samuel Eliot Morison, The Founding of Harvard College (Harvard Univ. Press)
Gilbert Chinard, in recognition of several works on intellectual relations between the United States and France
Howard Mumford Jones, America and French Culture, 1750–1848 (Univ. of North Carolina Press)
Otto Vossler, Die Amerikanischen Revolutionsideale in ihrem Verhaltnis zu den Europaischen (Oldenbourg)
Bernard Fay, L’Esprit revolutionnaire en France et aux Etas-Unis a la fin du dixhuitieme siecle (Champion)
The Military History Prize was created as a one-time award in 1913 by a gift of $250 from Professor Robert M. Johnston for the best monograph in the field of military history. A prize of $200 was to have been awarded in 1915, but Council deemed the entries unworthy of the prize and postponed the competition until 1918. Ironically, war intervened, and the prize was postponed until 1920. In the latter year the award was renamed the Robert M. Johnston Prize in Military History in honor of the man who had organized support for it in 1913. It was awarded to Thomas Robson Hay and thereupon discontinued.
Thomas Robson Hay, Hood’s Tennessee Campaign
A quinquennial prize established by the Taraknath Das Foundation (Columbia Univ.), the Schuyler Prize recognized the best published work in the field of modern British, British imperial, or British Commonwealth history written by a citizen of the United States. The prize is named in honor of Robert Livingston Schuyler (d. 1966), president of the Association in 1951, a historian of British legal history at Columbia University and a life member of the AHA. The Schuyler Prize was superseded by the Forkosch Prize in 1993.
Theodore Koditschek, Univ. of Missouri-Columbia, Class Formation and Urban Industrial Society Bradford, 1750–1850 (Cambridge Univ. Press)
Stephen Koss, Columbia Univ. (posthumous), The Rise and Fall of the Political Press in Britain, 2 vols. (Univ. of North Carolina Press)
Martin J. Wiener, Rice Univ., English Culture and the Decline of the Industrial Spirit, 1850–1980 (Cambridge Univ. Press)
John Clive, Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian (Alfred A. Knopf)
W.K. Jordan, Edward VI: The Young King and The Threshold of Power, 2 vols. (Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press)
Philip D. Curtin, The Image of Africa: British Ideas and Actions, 1780–1850 (Univ. of Wisconsin Press)
Mark H. Curtis, Oxford and Cambridge in Transition, 1558–1642 (Oxford Univ. Press)
David Harris Willson, James VI and I (Jonathan Cape)
Howard Robinson, Britain’s Post Office (Oxford Univ. Press)
The Tyler Prize was established in 1956 for the best manuscript in American intellectual history. This biennial prize carried an award of $1,500 and publication of the winning manuscript by the co-sponsor of the prize, Cornell U. Press. The prize was named for Professor Moses Coit Tyler of Cornell U., a founding member of the American Historical Association.
In the context of this competition, intellectual history was defined as “the history of agencies of intellectual life, movements of thought, and the biographies of intellectual leaders.” The prize was awarded for the first time in 1959, the 1957 competition having proved unsuccessful; after again failing to choose a winner in 1961 Council decided to abolish the prize.
Hugh Hawkins, Amherst Coll., Pioneer: A History of the Johns Hopkins University, 1874–1889 (Cornell Univ. Press)
The Watumull Prize was established in 1944 by Council with a grant from the Watumull Foundation and first awarded in the following year. The prize recognized the best book on the history of India originally published in the United States, although in 1982 the latter stipulation was lifted. Also in 1982, however, was an end to the contributions of the Watumull Foundation, a circumstance that forced Council to discontinue it.
The prize seems to have wandered through a maze of inconsistency regarding the frequency of its award. Originally established on a triennial basis, the Watumull Prize Committee recommended in 1948 that it become biennial once again. In 1952, the prize was returned to its triennial basis, but in 1954—the first year of its renewed triennial status—Council returned it to its biennial format.
Always a relatively lucrative award, it carried a $500 prize from its inception, an amount doubled in 1972.
Tapan Raychaudhuri (Univ. of Oxford) and Irfan Habib (Aligarh Muslim Univ.), eds., The Cambridge Economic History of India, Volume 1: c. 1200–c. 1750 (Cambridge Univ. Press)
Joseph E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia (Univ. of Chicago Press)
John R. McLane, Indian Nationalism and the Early Congress (Princeton Univ. Press)
Michael Pearson, Merchants and Rulers in Gujarat: The Response of the Portuguese in the Sixteenth Century (Univ. of California Press)
Leonard A. Gordon, Bengal: The Nationalist Movement, 1876–1940 (Columbia Univ. Press)
Elizabeth Whitcombe, Agrarian Conditions in Northern India, vol. 1: The United Provinces Under British Rule, 1860–1900 (Univ. of California Press)
Stephen N. Hay, Asian Ideas of East and West: Tagore and His Critics in Japan, China, and India (Harvard Univ. Press)
David Kopf, British Orientalism and the Bengal Renaissance: The Dynamics of Indian Modernization, 1773–1835 (Univ. of California Press)
Eugene F. Irschick, Politics and Social Conflict in South India: The Non-Brahman Movement and Tamil Separatism, 1916–1929 (Univ. of California Press)
John Broomfield, Elite Conflict in a Plural Society: Twentieth Century Bengal (Univ. of California Press)
Myron Weiner, Party Building in a New Nation (Univ. of Chicago Press)
B.R. Nayar, Minority Politics in the Punjab (Princeton Univ. Press)
Thomas R. Metcalf, The Aftermath of Revolt: India, 1857–1970 (Princeton Univ. Press)
Charles A. Drekmeier, Kingship and Community in Early India (Stanford Univ. Press)
Charles H. Heimsmith, Indian Nationalism and Hindu Social Reform (Princeton Univ. Press)
George D. Bearce, British Attitudes Toward India, 1784–1858 (Oxford Univ. Press)
Stanley A. Wolpert, Tilak and Gokhale: Revolution and Reform in the Making of Modern India (Univ. of California Press)
Michael Brecher, Nehru: A Political Biography (Oxford Univ. Press)
William de Bary, ed., Sources of the Indian Tradition (Columbia Univ. Press)
D. Mackenzie Brown, The White Umbrella: Indian Political Thought from Manu to Gandhi (Univ. of California Press)
W. Norman Brown, The United States and India and Pakistan (Harvard Univ. Press)
T. Walter Wallbank, India in the New Era (Scott, Foresman)
Louis Fischer, The Life of Mahatma Gandhi (Harper)
Gertrude Emerson Sen, The Pageant of Indian History, vol. I (Longmans)
Ernest J.H. Mackay, Chanhu-Daro Excavations, 1935–36 (American Oriental Society)
The Justin Winsor Prize was the first prize established by the American Historical Association. Initially awarded in 1896, it was offered annually thereafter until 1906 and then biennially until 1930, when it was discontinued. The Winsor Prize was revived in 1936 only to be cancelled two years later when the Albert J. Beveridge Award was created.
Justin Winsor (1831–97), in whose honor the prize was created, was the third president of the Association (1886–87). The prize was established in recognition of his contributions to American history and historical geography and focused on the history of the Western Hemisphere. The prize sought to encourage and acknowledge previously unpublished authors and young scholars without an established reputation in the profession and carried the then-substantial award of $200.
Carl Bridenbaugh, Cities in the Wilderness: The First Century of Urban Life in America, 1625–1742
L.W. Labaree, Royal Government in America: A Study of the British Colonial System Before 1783 (Yale Univ. Press)
Fred A. Shannon, The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861–1865, 2 vols. (Arthur H. Clark)
Lowell Joseph Ragatz, The Fall of the Planter Class in the British Caribbean, 1763–1833 (Century)
Elizabeth B. White, History of Franco-American Diplomatic Relations
Lawrence Henry Gipson, Jared Ingersoll: A Study of American Loyalism in Relation to British Colonial Government (Yale Univ. Press)
F. Lee Benns, The American Struggle for the British West India Carrying Trade, 1815–1830 (Indiana Univ. Press)
Arthur M. Schlesinger, The Colonial Merchants and the American Revolution, 1736–1776 (Longmans, Green)
Richard J. Purcell, Connecticut in Transition, 1775–1818
Mary W. Williams, Anglo-American Isthmian Diplomacy, 1815–1915
Arthur Charles Cole, The Whig Party in the South
Edward Raymond Turner, The Negro in Pennsylvania; Slavery—Servitude—Freedom, 1639–1861
Clarence Edwin Carter, Great Britain and the Illinois Country, 1765–1774
Annie Heloise Abel, The History of Events Resulting in Indian Consolidation West of the Mississippi River
William R. Manning, The Nootka Sound Contorversy
Louise Phelps Kellogg, The American Colonial Charter; A Study of Its Relation to English Administration, Chiefly After 1688
Charles McCarthy, The Anti-Masonic Party
Ulrich B. Phillips, Georgia and State Rights
William A. Schaper, Sectionalism and Representation in South Carolina
Herman V. Ames, The Proposed Amendments to the Constitution of the United States