The 2005 Election

By Kenneth Pomeranz

On behalf of the Nominating Committee, I am pleased to report the results of the 2005 election for AHA offices. The committee is extremely grateful to all the candidates who agreed to stand for Association elective office and committee positions despite their having other obligations. The Association depends for its continued well being upon the willingness of its members to serve. Elected candidates are indicated with an asterisk.

Total number of ballots cast: 4,320

President (1-year term)

  • Linda K. Kerber, University of Iowa (U.S.: women’s, legal and intellectual, early republic), 3,776

President-elect (1-year term)

  • Eric Van Young, University of California at San Diego (colonial and 19th-century Mexico, Latin America), 1,700
  • *Barbara Weinstein, University of Maryland at College Park (modern Latin America, Brazil), 2,276

Vice President, Research Division (3-year term)

  • Lynn Hollen Lees, University of Pennsylvania (Britain, British Empire, European economic and social, world), 1,747
  • *Teofílo Ruiz, University of California at Los Angeles (medieval, early modern Spain), 2,149

Council (3-year terms)

Slot 1

  • *Alice Kessler-Harris, Columbia University (American labor and the comparative and interdisciplinary exploration of women and gender, the history of 20th-century social policy), 2,364
  • Earl Lewis, Emory University (U.S., African American, comparative, U.S. South), 1,593

Slot 2

  • Kate Merkel-Hess, University of California at Irvine (modern China), 1,469
  • *Elise S. Lipkowitz, Northwestern University (Europe, history of science, Atlantic world), 1,987

Division Representatives (3-year terms)


  • *Jane Hathaway, Ohio State University (Middle East before the 19th century, Egypt, Yemen, world), 2,054
  • Cynthia Radding, University of New Mexico (colonial and early national Latin America, Mexico), 1,519


  • Jan Ellen Lewis, Rutgers University-Newark (U.S. to the 1830s; gender, race, and political thought), 1,712
  • *Nick Salvatore, Cornell University (20th-century African American, 19th- and 20th-century social, history and biography), 2,060


  • Cecil Barden (Bard) Keeler, Palmetto Ridge High School, Naples, Florida, and Florida International University (Atlantic, world, diplomatic and international), 1,569
  • *Allison Kay Ivey, Kealing Middle School, Austin, Texas (philosophy and the Founding Fathers, slavery in America and social movements [abolitionists, Great Awakening, women’s suffrage] in 19th-century America), 1,821

Committee on Committees (3-year terms)

Slot 1

  • *Ruth Mazo Karras, University of Minnesota (medieval Europe, women, gender, sexuality), 1,991
  • Robert C. Stacey, University of Washington (medieval), 1,516

Slot 2

  • Peter A. Coclanis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (U.S. economic and business, colonial, international economic, Southeast Asia), 1,698
  • *Daniel Littlefield, University of South Carolina (American colonial), 1,895

Nominating Committee (3-year terms)

Slot 1

  • Thomas H. Broman, University of Wisconsin-Madison (18th-century science, early modern medicine), 1,458
  • *Jan Golinski, University of New Hampshire (history of science; intellectual, historiography), 1,949

Slot 2

  • Jeffrey Gould, Indiana University (20th century Central America, ethnic and agrarian, collective memory), 1,549
  • *Jane Gilmer Landers, Vanderbilt University (Latin American colonial history, Africans in the Americas, Atlantic, frontier), 1,977

Slot 3

  • Donald Quataert, Binghamton University (Ottoman Empire, modern Middle East, labor and economic, world), 1,625
  • *Evelyn Rawski, University of Pittsburgh (China), 1,906

Election Process and Results

Ballots were mailed to 14,588 members, with 4,320 casting ballots before the AHA constitution deadline of November 1. This was 1,845 more than the 2004 election and 29.6 percent of the total receiving ballots. This was the highest level of participation in an AHA election in more than two decades. As a point of comparison, in a recent survey of seven major associations of the approximate size as the AHA, the range of election participation rates varied from 11 to 50 percent, with the median 24 percent.

The 2005 election marked the first year that AHA members had the opportunity to vote online to elect the Association’s officers. The AHA selected Election Services Corporation of Garden City, NY to prepare and distribute election ballots to AHA members and to receive, validate, and tally the votes. Since this was a significant change in the Association’s traditional balloting process, members who furnished valid e-mail addresses and agreed toreceive messages were asked via e-mail poll their preference for online or paper ballot. 3,036 members opted to vote online. The remainder of AHA members received paper ballots, either because they did not have a valid e-mail address to receive the preference survey, did not respond to the survey, or selected to receive a paper ballot. Of the total number of members voting (4,320), 70 percent did so online.

All AHA members who opted to vote electronically received an e-mail message with a unique computer-generated user name and password, good only for the online balloting system. Once successfully logged in, members could read the election rules and link to the ballot, which were also linked to candidate biographies. Members who lacked a valid e-mail address, or who requested the paper ballot, were mailed a paper ballot no later than September 1. The procedures for paper ballots were essentially the same as in previous years: after filling out the ballot, members returned it to ESC, which entered the information into the system. In theory, a member could receive both an e-mail and a paper ballot. Since the system tracked whether someone voted, separate from their specific votes, the system accepted the first vote received and entered into the system from that voter (but without identifying the specific voter).

Individuals who renewed their membership or joined the AHA for the first time after the initial mailing of ballots were also allowed to vote in the election. Anyone who renewed or joined before October 17 was able to vote online or to request a paper ballot. Although no paper ballots were mailed after October 17 (because the remaining time would be insufficient for members to receive and return the ballots to ESC before the constitutional deadline of November 1), those who renewed or joined before October 17 could vote online until midnight of November 1.

The committee wishes to thank the staff of the Association, and especially Assistant Director Sharon K. Tune, for her consistent outstanding work and her expert guidance and advice, as well as her good cheer. Previous Nominating Committee reports have noted how she has helped each year’s committee to sort through our very complex processes, and we cannot emphasize enough that this was true this year as well. Finally, I would like to thank the other members of the committee and the members of the past two Nominating Committees. Their good humor, hard work, good judgment, and broad knowledge of the profession made it possible for us to work swiftly and effectively, and enjoy doing so. To have worked with them was a great opportunity.

Kenneth Pomeranz (University of California at Irvine) was chair of the 2005 Nominating Committee.