Published Date

May 1, 2004

Resource Type

Primary Source

This resource was developed in 2004 as part of “The Conquest of Mexico” by Nancy Fitch.

From Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, The Florentine Codex, Book 12, Chapter 9 (Mexica)

[When he heard from his emissaries about how powerful the Spaniards were], Moctezuma was frightened and filled with terror, not knowing what would happen to the city.

The people were also terrified, debating the news among themselves. There were meetings and discussion and coteries in the street. All wept, wept a lot. They were crestfallen; they went about with their heads bowed down and greeted each other with tears.

[There is a long section here on the weeping and fear of what would happen.]

And it was told, presented, made known, and brought to the attention of Moctezuma that a woman of our people here accompanied [the Spaniards], interpreting Nahuatl [for them]. Her name was Malinche; her home, Teticpac. They took her there on the coast.

[In the rest of this chapter, Moctezuma learns that the Spaniards have been asking questions about him. The questions make him very anxious and he debates with his advisors about whether or not he should go into hiding or what kind of actions he should take.]

[In the end Moctezuma decided], he could do no more than wait for them. He did nothing but resign himself and wait for them to come. He quieted his heart, and waited to see what would happen.