Published Date

July 1, 1944

Resource Type

GI Roundtable Series, Primary Source

From GI Roundtable 10: What Shall Be Done about Germany after the War? (1944)

What the principal countries at war with Germany intend to do about the punishment of German war criminals has already been announced by their governments. President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, and Premier Stalin in a statement issued on October 31, 1943, took notice of “evidence of atrocities, massacres, and coldblooded mass executions which are being perpetrated by Hitlerite forces in many of the countries they have overrun and from which they are now being steadily expelled.” On behalf of their own three governments and “speaking in the interests of the thirty-three United Nations,” the three leaders solemnly declared that “those German officers and men and members of the Nazi party who have been responsible for or have taken a consenting part in the above atrocities, massacres, and executions will be sent back to the countries in which their abominable deeds were done in order that they may be judged and punished according to the laws of these liberated countries and of the free governments which will be erected therein.” As for the Nazi leaders, whose crimes have not been limited to any particular occupied country, notice was given in the same statement that they “will be punished by joint decision of the governments of the Allies.” Just what form this punishment will take has not been stated.

Next section: Can Germany Become a Free and Democratic Country?