The Association’s 120th annual meeting was held in Philadelphia from January 5–8, 2006, at the Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Loews Philadelphia, and Courtyard Philadelphia Downtown hotels. Many of the profession’s most distinguished members were present to deliver papers and over 1,200 scholars, including 107 foreign scholars, participated in the three-and-one-half-day meeting. In addition, more than four dozen specialized societies met in conjunction with the AHA. Each society held its own sessions, luncheons, and/or meetings, as well as joint sessions with the Association. James J. Sheehan of Stanford University delivered the presidential address on the evening of January 6, and recipients of the 2005 book awards, honorary foreign membership, the Awards for Scholarly Distinction, the Troyer Steele Anderson Prize, the Eugene Asher Distinguished Teaching Award, the Beveridge Family Teaching Prize, the William Gilbert Award, the John O’Connor Film Award, and the Nancy Lyman Roelker Mentorship Award were announced.