The Main Questions
The main questions about Germany on which Americans and the other Allied peoples will need to make up their minds may be restated as follows:
- What should be our principal aim in our treatment of Germany after her defeat—that is, which is the most important of the “six purposes” that have been suggested (p. 9) ?
- Insofar as our aim is to make other nations secure against a future attack by Germany, shall we assume that defeat will, of itself, cause such a change in the ideas and feelings of the great majority of Germans that they will become a peaceful and friendly nation, with no wish to attack other countries; or shall we assume that there will be no such change for many years after the war, and that we must therefore do whatever is necessary to make it impossible for her to start another war?
- If we intend to make this impossible, what are the best means of doing so?
- Will the measures necessary in order to make Germany unable to start a war conflict with any of the other purposes suggested (p. 9), and if so, with which purposes and to what extent?
- How far and by what means can and should the United Nations help to accomplish those other purposes (that is, numbers 2–6) ? And for Americans there is one further question to be decided:
- Should America after the war continue to cooperate with our present Allies in Europe, in order to help to accomplish, so far as possible, any or all of these six purposes?
These questions, then, are submitted for consideration and discussion by the readers of this pamphlet.