Published Date

December 1, 2018

Resource Type

AHA Resource, For the Classroom, Vetted Resource


African American, Cultural, Current Events in Historical Context, Legal, Political, Public History, Visual Culture

AHA Topics

Teaching & Learning


United States

This resource is part of the AHA’s bibliography on Historians on the Confederate Monument Debate


* Indicates former Council member

Yoni Applebaum, “Take the Statues Down,” The Atlantic (August 13, 2017)

Justin Behrend, “Steeped in Racism, Confederate Flag Evokes the Worst of Us,” Livingston County News (August 17, 2017)
Waitman Wade Beorn, “U.S. put its Silent Sams on pedestals. Germany honored not the defeated but the victims” (September 11, 2018)

Günter Bischof, “Why Not a Confederate Theme Park?New Orleans Advocate (August 20, 2015)

Adam Blackler, “White Supremacy on Campus: An Ahistorical Campaign of Racial Prejudice,” The Society Pages (March 14, 2017)

*David Blight, “‘The Civil War Lies on Us Like a Sleeping Dragon’: America’s Deadly Divide—and Why It Has Returned,” The Guardian (August 20, 2017)

W. Fitzhugh Brundage, “I’ve Studied Confederate Memorials. Here’s What to Do about Them,” (August 18, 2017)

Edward Carson, “Confederate Monuments and American Citizenship,” Christian Century (March 22, 2016)

Jane Censer, “Historians: ‘Defending History’ is Complicated in the US,” CNN Opinion (August 19, 2017)

Julian Chambliss, “Don’t Call Them Memorials,” (August 17, 2017)

Marcia Chatelain, “How Universities Embolden White Nationalists,” Chronicle of Higher Education (August 17, 2017)

Christopher Church, “UNR History Professor’s Letter to Students about Charlottesville,” Reno Gazette-Journal (August 16, 2017)

Anthony Comegna, “Debasing Roger Taney,” (August 21, 2017)

Nathan Connolly, “Charlottesville Showed That Liberalism Can’t Defeat White Supremacy. Only Direct Action Can,” Washington Post (August 15, 2017)

Karen Cox, “Renaming a Building for McCain Doesn’t Erase History,” (August 30, 2018)

Jane Dailey, “Baltimore’s Confederate Monument Was Never About ‘History and Culture,’” Huffington Post (August 17, 2017)

Rebecca Davis, “Condemning Racism Is a Start, But We Have Work to Do in Delco,” Delaware County Times (August 17, 2017)

Jerome de Groot, “Monuments to the Past,” History Today (August 17, 2017)

Catherine Denial, “Wrestling with America’s Past,” Galesburg Register-Mail (August 20, 2017)

Chris Doyle, “So, Do We Pull Down George Washington’s Statue?Hartford Courant (August 17, 2017)

Laura Edwards, “Why Confederate Statues Fails to Represent Southern History,” The Hill (August 23, 2017)

Jennifer Evans, “The Nazi Next Door—Make No Mistake, White Supremacists Live among Us,” Ottawa Citizen (August 18, 2017)

*Eric Foner, “Confederate Statues and ‘Our’ History,” New York Times (August 20, 2017)

Lesley Gordon, “Empty Pedestals: What Should Be Done with Civic Monuments to the Confederacy and Its Leaders?Civil War Times (October 2017)

Adam Goodheart, “Regime Change in Charlottesville,” Politico (August 16, 2017)

Annette Gordon-Reed, “Charlottesville: Why Jefferson Matters,” New York Review of Books (August 19, 2017)

John Gripentrog, “Distortions of heritage, history hinder progress,” Citizen Times (August 22, 2017)

John Gripentrog, “Facing up to hard truths of the Civil War,” Citizen Times (April 17, 2017)

Sarah Handley-Cousins, “Falling Out of Love with the Civil War,” Nursing Clio (August 21, 2017)

Jeffery Herf, “ Lessons from German History after Charlottesville,” History News Network (September 10, 2017)

Brian Hosmer, “Trauma, Reconciliation, and Historical Responsibility,” Reconciliation Annual Symposium (May 2016)

Kyung Moon Hwang, “Monuments Are Not Untouchable,” The Korea Times (August 30, 2017)

Mark Jacobson, “Rename US Army Bases for Heroes, not Confederates,” Defense One (August 17, 2017)

Caroline E. Janney, “Why We Need Confederate Monuments,” Washington Post (July 17, 2017)

Ibram Kendi, “What Would Jefferson Say about White Supremacists Descending upon His University?Washington Post (August 13, 2017)

Keri Leigh, “Charlottesville and the Confederate Legacy ,” Bill Moyers (August 17, 2017)

Jim Leloudis, “History Speaks on Intentions Behind Confederate Statues,” The News & Observer (August 23, 2017)

Earl Lewis and Nancy Cantor, “After Charlottesville,” Medium (August 22, 2017)

Patrick Lewis, “History Is a High Stakes Profession,” Kentucky Historical Society (August 15, 2017)

Stuart MacKay, “Those Confederate Monuments Are Built on Racist Lies. Tear Them Down,” iPolitics (August 17, 2017)

Nancy McTygue, “We Can Do Better: Lessons from Charlottesville,” California History-Social Science Project (August 14, 2017)

Keri Leigh Merritt, “Charlottesville and the Confederate Legacy,” Moyers & Co. (August 17, 2017)

David Motadel, “The United States Was Never Immune to Fascism. Not Then, Not Now,” The Guardian (August 17, 2017)

Carly Muetterties, “The Histories Told and Ignored at Cheapside,” Kentuckians for the Commonwealth (August 16, 2017)

Giuliana Perrone, “Confederate Monuments Always Embodied a White Heritage of Hate,” Haaretz (August 17, 2017)

David Perry, “Why It’s Important To Name The Nazis,” Pacific Standard (August 17, 2017)

Katherine Pickering Antonova, “How the British Defeated Homegrown Fascism—and How Americans Can Do the Same,” Washington Post (August 16, 2017)

Susan Reverby, “ This Doctor Experimented on Slaves: It’s Time to Remove or Redo His Statue ,” The Hastings Center (August 7, 2017)

Jon Sensbach, “The Face of Terror, 1931 to Today,” Daily Progress (August 16, 2017)

Daniel Sherman, et. al., “Tear Down the Confederate Monuments—But What Next? 12 Art Historians and Scholars on the Way Forward,” ArtNetNews (August 23, 2017)

Nina Silber, “Worshiping the Confederacy Is about White Supremacy—Even the Nazis Thought So,” Washington Post (August 17, 2017)

Manisha Sinha, “Heather Heyer Is Part of a Long Tradition of White Anti-Racism Activists,” Washington Post (August 16, 2017)

Manisha Sinha, “What Those Monuments Stand For,” New York Daily News (August 18, 2017)

Richard Steigmann-Gall, “How to Resist the Trump Administration: Lessons from Nazi Germany,” Huffington Post (January 5, 2017)

Richard Steigmann-Gall, “Star-Spangled Fascism: American Interwar Political Extremism in Comparative Perspective,” Taylor and Francis Online (January 6, 2017)

Richard Steigmann-Gall, “One Expert Says Yes, Donald Trump is a Fascist. And It’s Not Just Trump,” Huffington Post (July 18, 2016)

Paul Sturtevant, “Leaving ‘Medieval’ Charlottesville,” The Public Medievalist (August 17, 2017)

Jeremi Suri, “The Guns of Auguest ‘Locked and Loaded’,” American Prospect (August 16, 2017)

Marc Tucker, “Teaching History in Troubled Times,” Education Week (August 23, 2017)

Nancy Unger, “From ‘Sip-in’ to the Hairpin Drop Hear Round the World, Protests Can Work,” Nursing Clio (March 23, 2017)

Kevin Waite, “The Largest Confederate Monument in America Can’t Be Taken Down,” Washington Post (August 22, 2017)

Kevin Waite, “The Struggle over Slavery Was Not Confined to the South, LA Has a Confederate Memorial Problem Too,” Los Angeles Times (August 4, 2017)

Jason Ward, “The Myth of Southern Blood,” Washington Post (August 21, 2017)

Darin Waters, “Whose Story? Democratizing America’s Collective Historical Memory,” Mountain Xpress (June 16, 2014)

Victoria W. Wolcott, “Six Flags has taken down its Confederate flag. But that’s not the only legacy of Jim Crow at the park.,” Washington Post (August 28, 2017)

Timothy Wright, “Removing Confederate Memorial Will Not Erase Seattle’s History of White Supremacy ,” Seattle Times (August 21, 2017)

Jonathan Zimmerman, “The Civil War, Race, and the Whitewashing of History,” Newsday (August 14, 2017)

Jonathan Zimmerman, “In Charlottesville, Some on the Left Attacked Free Speech: Even White Supremacists Get to Talk without Being Hit,” New York Daily News (August 16, 2017)

Jonathan Zimmerman, “The Progressive Case for Keeping Confederate Statues Standing: We Shouldn’t Cart Away Reminders to Our White Supremacist History,” New York Daily News (August 21, 2017)