Perspectives on History December 2023 Cover.


On the Cover

San Francisco is a hilly city. It’s a hard place to find level ground, and all sorts of things (like this row of houses) point in unnatural directions. Tilt-shift photography does what it says on the tin: it rotates a camera’s lens plane relative to its image plane (i.e., tilting it) while moving the lens parallel to the image plane (shifting it). This elaborate process allows the photographer to control which part of an image remains in focus, adjusting their subject’s position relative to its background. Often, the technique is used to make a real scene seem artificial, but it can also make parallel lines seem to diverge. It is a means of playing with perspective.

Photo: Thomas Hawk/Flickr/CC BY-NC 2.0. Image cropped.

From the Editor

From the President


AHA Annual Meeting

Letters to the Editor

Long Overdue

Everything Has a History