Publication Date

November 1, 1993

Perspectives Section

In Memoriam

Charles Albro Barker

Charles Albro Barker, an authority on American intellectual history, died in Santa Barbara on September 12, 1993, at the age of 88 from heart failure. Dr. Barker received a doctorate in history from Yale University and taught at Smith College, Mills College, and Stanford University before joining the faculty at Johns Hopkins University in 1945. Dr. Barker was chair of the history department at Johns Hopkins for five of his twenty-seven years at the university.

Dr. Barker's books include a highly acclaimed biography of the economist Henry George; the first volume of a history of American ideas entitled American Convictions, for which he won the Ralph Waldo Emerson Award of the Phi Beta Kappa Society; and The Background of the Revolution in Maryland, which won the American Historical Association’s Beveridge Award in 1941. Dr. Barker also contributed to Memoirs of Elisha Oscar Crosby (1945), Problems of World Disarmament (1963), and Power and Law: American Dilemma in World Affairs (1970).

A strong worker in the early peace movement, Dr. Barker was the first chair of the Baltimore Seminar on Arms Control and founder and first president of the American Historical Association's Conference on Peace Research in History. In addition to his appointments at Smith College, Mills College, Stanford, and Johns Hopkins, Dr. Barker held visiting fellowships at the Huntington Library, the University of Wisconsin, Indiana University, and the American University of Beirut. He was also a Fulbright scholar at Punjab University in India and at the University of Melbourne in Australia.

Dr. Barker is survived by his wife of sixty-one years, Louise Chase Cottle, two children, and two grandchildren.

Bernard P. Bellon

Bernard P. Bellon, associate professor of history at Georgia Tech and specialist in modern Germany, died September 19, 1993, in Willoughby, Ohio. Forty years old at the time of his death, Dr. Bellon suffered for the past three years from ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease).

A graduate of Boston College, Bellon earned the MA, MPhil, and PhD in history from Columbia University. In 1987 he was named assistant professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology, where he rose to the rank of tenured associate professor. Bellon's book, Mercedes in Peace and War: German Automobile Workers, 1903–1945 (1990), has had a major impact on German industrial history and Third Reich studies. In his New York Times review, Herbert Mitgang called the work “a chilling account of how the great automobile and arms maker prospered on the backs of its workers, including the use of thousands of concentration camp slave laborers right up to the final days of the Third Reich.”

In 1990–91, Dr. Bellon was a fellow in the Berlin Program for Advanced German and European Studies at the Free University of Berlin, where he conducted research on foreign industrial workers in greater Berlin during the Second World War. He continued this study during the period of his illness. Bellon's courses in German and European history were distinguished by wide-ranging pedagogical methods. Equally at home in the realms of modern philosophy, literature, and music, Bellon charmed his students by linking them all to his broad approach to European history and culture. He traveled and lived abroad extensively, also holding fellowships in Bonn and Mainz. He was a member of the American Historical Association and the German Studies Association.

Dr. Bellon is survived by his father, Paul Bellon of Wickliffe, Ohio, and sisters Maria Bellon of Euclid, Ohio, and Paulette Bellon of Alpharetta, Georgia. The family requests that contributions be made to the Bernard Bellon Scholarship Fund, Georgia Tech Foundation, 225 North Ave., Atlanta, GA 30332.

August W. Giebelhaus
Georgia Institute of Technology

Jerome Blum

Jerome Blum, a former professor of history, died in May 1993 of cancer at the age of 80. After receiving his doctorate in 1947 from Johns Hopkins University, Blum joined Princeton's history department as an instructor. Between 1961 and 1967, Blum was chair of the department, and in 1966 he was named Henry Charles Lea Professor of History. In 1981 he achieved emeritus status. Blum, who specialized in European economic and agricultural history, wrote Noble Landowners and Agriculture in Austria, 1815-1848 (1947), Lord and Peasant in Russia from the Ninth to the Nineteenth Century (1961), and The End of the Old Order in Rural Europe (1978). He also coauthored The European World (1966) and Civilizations, Western and World (1975) and contributed to European Landed Elites in the Nineteenth Century (1977) and to Our Forgotten Past (1982).

Blum, who was a member of the AHA from 1947 until his death, is survived by a brother and two sisters.

Virginia Speak Deane

Virginia Speak Deane, a member of the AHA for thirty-five years, died January 1, 1993. Deane graduated with honors in history from Smith College and taught English and history for forty years at the North Shore Country Day School in Winnetka, Illinois, and at St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire. She served as president of the National Association of Principals of Schools for Girls and as trustee of the College Entrance Examination Board. Deane is survived by a sister, nephews, and nieces.

Elisabeth Deane McLane

M. A. Fitzsimons

M. A. Fitzsimons, professor emeritus of history at the University of Notre Dame, died at the age of 80 on October 14, 1992. A native of New York City, Matthew Anthony Fitzsimons was a wunderkind at Columbia University, where he took his AB and with it won a two-year scholarship to Oxford, where he won another. After coming to Notre Dame in 1937, he picked up a doctorate in English history from Chicago, though his favorite area, for which he won the Sheedy Teaching Award, was in world history. Among his numerous publications, Empire by Treaty (1964), a study of Britain after World War II, and The Past Recaptured (1983), a study of great historians and their work, show his range. Fitzsimons succeeded Waldemar Gurian, founder of the Review of Politics, as the journal’s editor; he served on the journal from 1955 to 1974. He was named Faculty Distinguished Service Award winner in 1965. He is survived by his wife, Frances, three children, and numerous grandchildren.

Thomas Stritch
Review of Politics

Leroy P. Graf

Leroy P. Graf, 78, professor emeritus at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, died on May 25, 1993. A native of Fremont, Ohio, Graf received his BA at Oberlin College and his master's and doctoral degrees at Harvard. After brief teaching positions at Tufts and Ohio State Universities, he came to Knoxville in 1945, was promoted to full professor in 1950, named head of the department in 1965, and designated Distinguished Service Professor in 1977. In 1956 he helped launch publication of The Papers of Andrew Johnson and, with his colleague Ralph Haskins, edited seven volumes before retiring in 1985. On campus, he was a founder of the Phi Beta Kappa charter and later its president; a founder of the faculty senate and also its one-time president; and an active supporter of the university theater, in which he often acted. Nationally, he served on the council of the American Association of University Professors and on the senate of the United Chapters of Phi Beta Kappa; he was a member of the AHA from 1937 until his death. He is survived by his wife, Ruth, three children, and two grandchildren.

Milton M. Klein
University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Maurice Matloff

Maurice Matloff, a longtime member of the AHA, died on July 14 at his home in Rockville, Maryland, of liver and kidney ailments. Matloff was a retired chief historian of the army who specialized in military and diplomatic history, international relations, national security, and coalition problems.

Matloff received a BA from Columbia in 1936 and a PhD from Harvard in 1956. He began his career as a military historian while serving in the army during World War II. In 1946 he joined the army's Center for Military History, where he served as chief historian from 1970 until 1981, when he retired. Matloff, who was considered an expert on strategic planning in the war, was coauthor of Strategic Planning for Coalition Warfare, 1941–1942, and author of Strategic Planning for Coalition Warfare, 1943–1944, standard works on the U.S. role in directing strategy during World War II. Matloff also wrote Command Decisions and A Guide to the Study and Use of Military History. In addition, he edited American Military History, a popular college textbook.

Besides his work with the Center for Military History, Matloff held a number of teaching appointments. Between 1983 and 1992, he was an adjunct professor of military history at Georgetown University, and he also held appointments at American University; the University of California, Berkeley; the University of California, Davis; Harvard University; the University of Georgia; Dartmouth College; and the U.S. Military Academy. Matloff was also a visiting fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for scholars in 1981–82. In addition to the AHA, Matloff belonged to the Institute for Strategic Studies, the Organization of American Historians, the Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations, and the American Military Institute.

Matloff, a recipient of the army's Meritorious, Exceptional, and Outstanding Civilian Service medal, is survived by his wife of fifty years, his mother, two brothers, three children, and two grandchildren.

David McGunegle

David McGunegle of Altamonte Springs, Florida, died on July 13, 1993, of cancer. McGunegle belonged to the AHA from 1969 until his death. He was the branch staff counsel for the Florida Bar Association. In addition to the AHA, McGunegle was a member of the Florida Bar, the National Association of Bar Counsels, and the Florida State University College of Law Alumni Association. He was also a lieutenant colonel in the Air Force Reserves. McGunegle is survived by his wife, two brothers, and a sister.

Gerhard S. Ottersberg

Gerhard S. Ottersberg died in Waverly, Iowa, on April 28, 1993, at the age of 95. Ottersberg was a member of the AHA from 1939 until his death. He earned a Ph.D. from the University of Nebraska in 1949 and an honorary D.D. from Wartburg Theological Seminary in 1961. Ottersberg specialized in the history of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Iowa and published Wartburg College, 1852-1952, a Centennial History.

Ottersberg had a long career as a teacher. From 1921 until 1924, he served as an instructor at the Martin Luther Academy in Sterling, Nebraska. He was a missionary in suburban Detroit for a short time, after which he accepted a professorship at Wartburg Normal College in Waverly, Iowa. He taught at Wartburg Normal College from 1925 until 1933 when he became an assistant professor at Wartburg College in Clinton, Iowa. From 1935 until 1947, Ottersberg served as associate professor and chair of the history department at Wartburg College in Waverly. In 1947 he became a full professor, and in 1972 he retired as professor emeritus.

Ottersberg is survived by his wife, two children, two grandchildren, and two sisters.

Walter Fifield Snyder

Walter Fifield Snyder passed away in Spring Hill, Florida, on February 9, 1993. Dr. Snyder was born on April 9, 1912, in Northfield, New Jersey, and received his AB from Swarthmore College in 1932. He went on to earn his PhD from Yale University in 1936 where he worked under M. Rostovtzeff. His publications included Public Anniversaries in the Roman Empire, Yale Classical Studies VII (1940), and articles in such distinguished journals as the American Journal of Philology and Aegyptus. Dr. Snyder spent 1936–38 in Italy as a fellow of the American Academy of Rome (FAAR) where he pursued research in the social and economic history of the ancient Mediterranean world. He taught at Hunter College during the 1940s with a break during World War II when he served in the United States Navy as a cryptographer. A longtime member of the American Historical Association and a life member of the American Philological Association, Dr. Snyder later taught at the University of Richmond before finishing his career at Clarion University (then Clarion State College) from 1967 to 1978. At Clarion, he played a role in designing an ancient history curriculum and in building a functional ancient history and classics collection in the library. One of the authors of this notice was a student of Dr. Snyder and vividly remembers his ability to present two-hour lectures without a single note on such esoteric topics as the history of barrel making in antiquity or the impact of the stirrup on Europe.

Brian Dunn and R. M. Frakes
Clarion University

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