In Memoriam, April 1994
Various Authors, April 1994
United States Naval Academy history professor Ted Bogacz died suddenly due to complications from surgery on September 18, 1992, at the age of forty-nine, in Annapolis, Maryland.
A native of Chicago, Mr. Bogacz received his bachelor of arts degree from the University of Illinois and his doctorate in modern British history from the University of California at Berkeley. He also studied at the Universities of Freiburg and Gottingen.
Before coming to the Naval Academy, Mr. Bogacz taught in German secondary schools in Northeim and Gottingen, at the University of California at Berkeley, and in the U.S. Navy's Chapman College program. From 1986 to 1987, he was an exchange professor at the British Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, England.
An internationally recognized expert on the impact of "shell shock" and war-related neuroses, Mr. Bogacz pioneered the study of how war and psychiatry influenced language in the early twentieth century. At the time of his death, Mr. Bogacz was nearing completion of a comprehensive analysis of British culture during World War I.
Mr. Bogacz was actively involved in the History Club and the history department honors program. Among his students were a number of Rhodes scholars. During his years at the academy, he dedicated himself to advancing the appreciation of classical music among the midshipmen. Responding to these efforts, students memorialized Mr. Bogacz by establishing the "Ted Bogacz Classical Music Collection" in the Nimitz Library. While at Annapolis, Mr. Bogacz frequently tutored at St. John's College.
Mr. Bogacz is survived by his wife, Sally, and his mother, Henrietta. A memorial service in his honor was held at the U.S. Naval Academy chapel on September 24, 1992.
Daniel M. Masterson
U.S. Naval Academy
Dorothy Borg, a historian of United States-East Asian relations at Columbia University, died at her home, in New York City, on October 21, 1993, after a brief illness. She was ninety-one years old.
Born in Elberon, New Jersey, Borg received her A.B. from Wellesley College and her M.A. and Ph.D. from Columbia University. Between 1938 and 1959, Borg was a research associate at the Institute of Pacific Relations, where she specialized in American-Chinese relations. In 1959, she accepted a position as research associate at Harvard University's East Asian Research Center, and in 1962 she joined the faculty at Columbia University's East Asian Institute. Beginning in the 1940s, Borg served as a mentor to generations of scholars.
Her publications include American Policy and the Chinese Revolution, 1925–1928, and The United States and the Far Eastern Crisis of 1933–1938, for which she won the Bancroft Prize in American History. Borg was also coeditor of Pearl Harbor as History, Japanese-American Relations, 1931–1941, and Uncertain Years, Chinese–American Relations, 1947–1950.
She belonged to the American Historical Association, the Association of Asian Studies, and the Academy of Political Science. Borg is survived by two nephews.
Marvin R. Cain, professor emeritus of history at the University of Missouri at Rolla, died on August 22, 1993. He was sixty-five years old. Before entering academic life, he served in the U.S. Army. He was highly decorated for his efforts in the Korean War and retired from the army as a lieutenant colonel. Cain received his B.S. from Southwest Missouri State College in 1955, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Missouri at Columbia, in 1957 and 1960. After teaching at the University of Missouri, Normandy Residence Center, and at Michigan State University, he joined the faculty at the University of Missouri at Rolla, in 1967 as chair of the Department of Social Sciences. His publications include Lincoln's Attorney General: Edward Bates of Missouri and numerous articles in journals such as Civil War History, the Missouri Historical Review, the Historian, and the Journal of the Early Republic. He received several honors and grants, including awards from the American Philosophical Society, the Association of Land Grant Universities, the American Historical Association, and the American Political Science Association. He is survived by four daughters, Cindi Cain, Cecilia Gredell, Carolyn Cain, and Claudia Bingham.
Larry D. Gragg
University of Missouri at Rolla
Harry Lewis Coles, professor emeritus of history at the Ohio State University, died of complications following heart surgery on October 11, 1993. He was seventy-five years old. He is survived by his wife, Pat, and two sons, Christopher and Karl.
Born and raised in central Tennessee, Coles earned his academic degrees at Vanderbilt University in history (A.B., magna cum laude, 1939, and Ph.D., 1949). He specialized in early national American history, especially land policy and western expansion. From his wartime service as a civilian historian for the Army Air Forces and his work as an archivist and historian for the U.S. Army, Coles developed an interest in American military history. He wrote portions of the seven-volume work The U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II and edited Total War and Cold War (1962), a book of essays on military history. He also served as coauthor and coeditor of Soldiers Become Governors (1964), a volume in the Army's official history of World War II. His War of 1812 (1966), a skilled and perceptive work of synthesis, is still in print. After his retirement in 1984, Professor Coles revised and published his dissertation on land policy. Coles also wrote numerous scholarly articles and over one hundred book reviews. At the time of his death, he was working on a book on the closing phase of the American Revolution.
As chair of the Ohio State history department from 1967 to 1973, Harry Coles established the foundations of the university's military history program, which grew from one course to eight and from one faculty member to four by the time of his death. Coles directed eighteen dissertations, ten of them in military history. His former students include Calvin Christman, Keith MacFarland, and Allan R. Millett. During his service to the Ohio State University, which began in 1949, Coles also taught as a visiting professor at the Naval War College (1966–67), the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College (1980–81), the University of Durham, and Oxford University. Coles was known to his colleagues and students as a devoted teacher and appreciative mentor. The military history program he began is his monument.
Allan R. Millett
Ohio State University
James B. Conacher, professor emeritus of history at the University of Toronto, died on October 3, 1993. James Conacher was born in 1916, at Kingston, Ontario, where his father was a professor of French at Queen's University. He received his B.A. and M.A. degrees from Queen's and his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1944. His supervisor at Harvard was Professor David Owen. After serving in the Canadian Army for five years, Conacher joined the history department at the University of Toronto in 1946, remaining in Toronto until his retirement in 1983. He was chair of the history department from 1972 to 1977. He also held visiting appointments at the University of Notre Dame in 1965–66, the University of Sydney in 1983, and Queen's University in 1984–85. Queen's awarded him the LL.D. in 1983.
Professor Conacher's scholarly work was primarily in nineteenth-century British political history. He wrote on the followers of Sir Robert Peel, and his book The Aberdeen Coalition, 1852–1855 (1968) remains the standard work on the Aberdeen ministry. Active in the Anglo-American Historical Conference and the Midwest Conference on British Studies, he was president of the latter in 1968–69. After his retirement, he served as coeditor of several volumes of The Benjamin Disraeli Letters published at Queen's University. Conacher was also active in Canadian history, editing the Canadian Historical Review in the 1950s and volumes published by the Champlain Society between 1950 and 1962. He was president of the Canadian Historical Association in 1974–75.
Following The Aberdeen Coalition, Conacher published several more extended treatments of British history, including The Emergence of Parliamentary Democracy (1970), The Peelites and the Party System (1972), and From Waterloo to the Common Market, volume five of the Borzoi History of England (1975).
R. Craig Brown
University of Toronto
Edward Lowell Field died December 21, 1993, while vacationing in Goeppingen, Germany. Born on April 1, 1920, in New York, Field served in the British Merchant Navy, the Greek, Panamanian, and U.S. Merchant Marines, the U.S. Army, and the U.S. Office of Strategic Services.
He owned Field Insurance Agency, EDMA Historical Intelligence Consultants and Researchers, EDMA Publishing Company, and the World War II Intelligence Library. He belonged to the American Historical Association and was an honorary member of the Grand Old Opry. Field is survived by his wife, Marianne.
Sydney V. James, professor of history at the University of Iowa, died of lymphoma on May 16, 1993, at his home, in Iowa City. He was sixty-four years old.
Sydney James grew up in Chicago and graduated from Harvard College in 1950; he stayed there for his graduate work, and earned the Ph.D. in 1958. He taught at Kent State University, Brown University, and the University of Oregon before coming to Iowa in 1965. He chaired the history department between 1970 and 1974 and during the last year of his life.
James devoted much of his work to the history of colonial Rhode Island. His work in colonial history was driven by a need to understand the conditions that might sustain religious liberty and secular toleration, values he himself cherished. His writing was marked by skepticism, a delight in precise archival research, and an insistence on not straying from primary sources. A People Among Peoples: Quaker Benevolence in Eighteenth-Century America (1963) explored the tension between Quakers' asceticism and their attraction to public authority. Colonial Rhode Island: A History (1976) is a probing analysis of the colony's history, resting on formidable archival research. It is gracefully written and marked by what one reviewer called James's "wise skepticism." James continued his scrutiny of Rhode Island's colonial records, drafting a massive institutional history of the colony. The manuscript, which is not yet published, is available to researchers at the Rhode Island Historical Society. By the time of his death, he had nearly completed the first scholarly biography of Dr. John Clarke, one of the founders of the Baptist denomination in America, and was engaged in a study of Columbus's changing geographical conceptions during 1492–93.
James's honors included the Walter Muir Whitehill prize in colonial history (1984) and fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History.
For James, committee work was an art form. He took great pride in his service on the American Historical Association's Committee on Women Historians (1976–79) and in his role as principal author of the second edition of A Survival Manual for Women (and Other) Historians (1980). He served on the council of the Institute of Early American History and Culture and on the board of editors of the William and Mary Quarterly. At the University of Iowa, he served on many committees, including several charged with the selection or evaluation of university presidents and vice-presidents; he was a member of twenty-five departmental search committees. Sydney James's skill in recognizing talent will have an impact on the University of Iowa for the next generation.
Sydney V. James is survived by his wife, Jean, his son and daughter, six grandchildren, his sister, Elizabeth J. Hagey, and his brother, Edward T. James.
Linda K. Kerber
University of Iowa
Christopher Lasch, American historian, social critic, and public intellectual, died Monday, February 14, 1994, at the age of sixty-one at his home, in Pittsford, New York. Lasch was a central figure in American intellectual life for over thirty years, and one of the few historians in an age of academic specialization and hermetic professionalization whose ideas and influence extended well beyond the walls of the university. A thinker of unflinching integrity, he was unsparing in his criticism of ideological cant and special pleading, whatever its political complexion. "Self-trust," Emerson said, was the virtue of the American scholar in which all others were comprehended: "Fear is a thing, which a scholar by his very function puts behind him. . . . The world is his who can see through its pretension." Few American scholars saw through more of the pretensions of the last three decades than Lasch, and few were as fearless.
Lasch was born on June 1, 1932, in Omaha, Nebraska. His father, Robert Lasch was a journalist and editorial writer for major newspapers in Omaha, Chicago, and St. Louis, and his mother, Zora, was a social worker and philosopher. Born Robert Christopher Lasch, he dropped his first name when one of his first unsolicited submissions to a major American magazine was rejected by editors who thought it was a subpar piece of work by his father. His parents imbued Lasch with the spirit of Midwestern progressivism and liberalism, and though he would in time become a relentless critic of this tradition, he never lost touch with its virtues.
After graduating from Harvard in 1954, Lasch briefly considered a career as a writer before entering graduate school at Columbia, where he received an M.A. in 1955 and a Ph.D. in 1961. It was at Columbia that he met and married his wife of thirty-seven years, Nell Commager. Brief teaching stints at Williams College and Roosevelt University were followed in the 1960s by positions at the University of Iowa and Northwestern University. In 1970 he was persuaded by his erstwhile comrade, Eugene Genovese, to come to the University of Rochester, where he remained for the rest of his career. Appointed Don Alonzo Watson Professor of History in 1979, he served as chair of the history department from 1985 to 1993.
Lasch was the author of nine books: The American Liberals and the Russian Revolution (1962), his doctoral dissertation, The New Radicalism in America 1889–1963 (1965), The Agony of the American Left (1969), The World of Nations (1973), Haven in a Heartless World (1977), The Culture of Narcissism (1979), his most well-known work, The Minimal Self (1984), and The True and Only Heaven (1991). Despite the pain of the cancer that eventually took his life, writing remained at the heart of Lasch's daily experience to the end. He devoted much of his last months to completing The Revolt of the Elites and the Betrayal of Democracy, which will be published by W.W. Norton in the fall of 1994.
More well regarded outside than inside the historical profession, Lasch rarely wrote for professional journals, preferring the pages of magazines such as the Nation, the New York Review of Books, Harper's, and the New Republic and the wider public they allowed him. Never honored with the prizes and offices professional historians bestow on the well-behaved leaders of their guild, Lasch rarely attended annual meetings. And when he did so, it was to say such things as "The political culture of modern societies consists largeley of an implicit argument about the past, and it is the job of historical criticism to make that argument explicit and to point out the political consequences that follow from any given reading of the past. For a variety of reasons--professional caution, political indifference or despair, doubts about their ability to make themselves understood by a broader public, the embarrassment of taking ideas seriously--historians have retreated from their role as social critics."
Whatever his shortcomings as a professional insider, Lasch discharged the obligations of his vocation with rare ability. He was a brilliant undergraduate teacher and a model master to apprentice historians. And with an administrative style worthy of a leading critic of administrative power, he led the way in rebuilding a fractious Rochester department into a community of scholars.
An inimitable voice has been stilled. For those who knew only his work, that voice resounded with severe naysaying--echoing the Calvinist jeremiads Lasch so admired. But for those who knew him personally, Kit Lasch was a gentle man of unsparing generosity and diffident grace. He is survived by his wife, four children, and two grandchildren.
University of Rochester
David G. McGunegle of Altamonte Springs, Florida, died July 13, 1993, of cancer. McGunegle belonged to the American Historical Association from 1969 until his death. He was the branch staff counsel for the Florida Bar Association. In addition to the AHA, McGunegle was a member of the Florida Bar, the National Association of Bar Counsels, and the Florida State University College of Law Alumni Association. He was also a lieutenant colonel in the Air Force Reserves. McGunegle is survived by his wife, two brothers, and a sister.
William C. McNeil, died of a heart attack while taking a lifesaving course with his daughter, on April 18, 1993. He was forty-six years old. McNeil was a professor of German history at Barnard College, Columbia University, and a member of Columbia' s School of International and Public Affairs.
McNeil was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and grew up in Pullman, Washington, where his father was a professor of zoology at Washington State University. There Bill attended undergraduate school. Upon graduating in 1968, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy and served for four years. He then studied economic history at the University of California at Berkeley. After receiving his Ph.D. in 1981, he came to Barnard and Columbia.
A specialist in monetary policy in early twentieth-century Europe, McNeil published American Money and the Weimar Republic: Economics and Politics on the Eve of the Great Depression (1986) and was working on a book on the breakdown of the Breton Woods international financial system.
McNeil, an energetic and respected leader at Barnard, was chair of the history department at the time of his death. He is survived by his wife, Vicki, a daughter, Emily, and a son, Nathan.
Mark C. Carnes
Barnard College, Columbia University
Charles F. Mullett, professor emeritus of history at the University of Missouri at Columbia, died February 6, 1994, in Hanover, Indiana, at the age of ninety-three. His scholarly field was British history, with a specialty in intellectual and social developments. He received his A.B. degree from Syracuse University in 1922, his A.M. from Clark University in 1923, and his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1933.
Before coming to Missouri in 1925, Mullett taught at Syracuse University, DePauw University, and Franklin College. He held visiting professorships at Columbia University (1957–58) and the University of Wisconsin (1962–63), and during the 1972–73 academic year was Aquinas Distinguished Professor at Drew University.
His academic honors included membership in Phi Beta Kappa, fellowships from Clark and Columbia Universities and the Huntington Library, and grants from the Social Science Research Council, the American Philosophical Society, and the Newberry Library. In 1965 he received the Distinguished Faculty Award from the University of Missouri Alumni Association, and in 1979 Syracuse University awarded its Chancellor's Medal to him for his contributions to scholarship. After his retirement Mullett was named Churchill Fellow at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri. He served on several committees of the American Historical Association and was program chair for the Association's annual meeting in St. Louis in 1956. He was also chair of the Fulbright screening committee for a two-year term.
He served on the editorial boards of the Journal of Modern History, the American Historical Review, and the Journal of British Studies, and for several years he was the editor of the British History Intelligencer. He was active in founding the Midwest Conference on British Studies and was its president for two years. He also helped to establish the Central Renaissance Conference, of which he was president twice, and which dedicated its 1978 program to him.
Mullett was the author of seven books and more than a hundred articles. His books included Fundamental Law and the American Revolution (1933, 1966) and The Bubonic Plague and England (1956), for which the History of Medicine Association awarded him the William Henry Welch medal for the best book on the history of medicine published during a five-year period. In 1977 he delivered the Wiles Memorial Lecture at McMaster University, in Ontario, Canada. His articles were published in numerous historical journals, and he appeared as guest lecturer at many colleagues and universities.
Charles G. Nauert, Jr.
University of Missouri, Columbia
Raymond G. Rocca, died November 11, 1993, after complications from a stroke. He was seventy-six years old. Rocca was a CIA counterintelligence officer for more than twenty years. He specialized in Soviet security and intelligence services and was one of the U.S. government's most respected authorities on counterintelligence research and analysis. He retired from the CIA in 1975 but continued to serve as a teacher and a mentor to U.S. intelligence specialists.
Rocca was a member of the American Historical Association and a noted horticulturalist. He is survived by his wife, Mary, two sons, a daughter, and three grandchildren.
Nancy Lyman Roelker, internationally renowned scholar of sixteenth-century France and professor emeritus of history at Boston University, died suddenly at her home in East Greenwich, Rhode Island, on November 27, 1993, at the age of seventy-eight.
Born at Greene Farm, which had been in her family's possession ever since the land was granted by King Charles II, she graduated from Radcliffe College in 1936 with a B.A. in philosophy. She received an M.A. in 1937 and a doctorate in history from Harvard in 1953. From 1937 until 1963, she taught in private girls' secondary schools in Massachusetts, first at Concord Academy and, from 1942, at the Winsor School in Boston. In 1963 she was appointed assistant professor at Tufts University and was promoted through the ranks before moving in 1971 to Boston University as professor of history. She remained at Boston University until her retirement in 1980. Roelker also held the title of adjunct professor at Brown University from 1977 until her death, and she held visiting professorships at Brown and at Stanford.
Nancy Roelker published two books, The Paris of Henry of Navarre as seen by Pierre de l'Estoile (1958) and Queen of Navarre: Jeanne d'Albret, 1528–1572 (1968). Her last book, completed just before her death, One King, One Faith: The Parlement of Paris and the Reformations of the Sixteenth Century, will be published in 1994. She also wrote articles on French noblewomen in the sixteenth century and on French Huguenots. In addition, she translated several works from French, including J-B. Duroselle's From Wilson to Roosevelt: American Foreign Policy 1913–1945 (1963).
She became a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1964, a Guggenheim Fellow in 196566, a fellow of the Huguenot Society of London in 1965, and was awarded the Gold Medal of Paris in 1985 for her contributions to the city's history. She received a Radcliffe Graduate Association Medal for Distinguished Achievement in 1970.
A beloved and industrious member of the American Historical Association, Roelker served on the board of editors of the American Historical Review (1972–77), as vice-president of the Research Division (1975–78), and as chair of the Committee on International Activities (1982–85) and the Leo Gershoy Prize committee (1985–88). An inveterate participant at annual meetings, she could usually be found surrounded by legions of friends, colleagues, and former students. She was a member of the board of editors of the Journal of Modern History (1977–82) and of Academe (1980–85) and was president of the Society for French Historical Studies (1977–78).
Roelker supervised, both officially and informally, many graduate students at Harvard, Tufts, Boston University, Brown, and Stanford, becoming over a period of thirty years a mentor to several generations of scholars. As a testimonial to her inspirational influence, the Nancy Lyman Roelker Mentorship Award of the American Historical Association was endowed by friends, colleagues, and former students on the occasion of her seventy-fifth birthday. The first recipient was Professor William J. Bouwsma (University of California at Berkeley) in 1992; the second was Professor Michael H. Ebner (Lake Forest College) in 1994. A prize administered by the Sixteenth Century Studies Conference was also established in 1981 in Nancy Roelker's name for the best essay on sixteenth-century France published in English. A festschrift entitled Dissent, Identity, and the Law in Early Modern France: Essays in Honor of Nancy L. Roelker is scheduled for publication in 1995.
Fred M. Leventhal
William J. Roosen, professor of history at Northern Arizona University, died in Flagstaff, Arizona, on August 29, 1993, from complications related to AIDS. He wasfifty-three years old.
Born in Chicago in 1940, he graduated summa cum laude from Illinois College in 1962, then spent a year studying at the University of Lyon, France, as a Fulbright scholar. In 1967 he earned his doctorate in history at the University of Southern California for a dissertation on the French ambassadorial corps under Louis XIV.
For twenty-six years, Roosen taught European history at Northern Arizona University, where he was named Regents' Professor in 1988 in recognition of his scholarship, teaching, and research. He wrote two books, The Age of Louis XIV: The Rise of Modern Diplomacy and Daniel Dafoe and Diplomacy, as well as numerous articles dealing with early modern diplomatic relations. Roosen was a cofounder and the first president of the Western Society for French History, and he edited its proceedings for three years.
Roosen is survived by his wife of thirty years, Suzanne, two children, Andrew and Laura, his parents, and two brothers.
Eastern Montana College
Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Carl G. Ryant earned a B.A. from Case-Western Reserve University in 1964 and a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin in 1968. He began teaching at the University of Louisville in September of 1968 and remained the history department's foremost authority on twentieth-century America for a quarter of a century. Over the years, Professor Ryant was also the primary advisor of master's degree students in history.
Professor Ryant was a pioneer in the field of oral history and was codirector of University of Louisville's Oral History Program. He had a worldwide reputation as an authority on the use of oral history techniques and in the final decade of his life presented papers throughout the United States and in Canada, England, France, Spain, Italy, and the Netherlands. Professor Ryant was especially interested in the history of American business and wrote Profit's Prophet (1989), a biography of the entrepreneur Garet Garrett. He also wrote some two dozen articles and over forty book reviews.
Professor Ryant belonged to the American Association of University Professors, the American Historical Association, the Organization of American Historians, the Oral History Association, the Southern Historical Association, and the Filson Club. His contributions to the larger community included many public lectures and workshops, work with organizations such as the Kentucky Oral History Commission and the Speed Art Museum, and service as a board member of the Kentucky Civil Liberties Union. In 1993, Professor Ryant was awarded the Distinguished Service Award of the University of Louisville's College of Arts and Sciences.
Lee Shai Weissbach
University of Louisville
Ambrose Saricks, professor emirtus of history at Kansas University, died on October 24, 1993, in Lawrence, Kansas. Professor Saricks was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on May 2, 1915. He received his A.B. and M.A. from Bucknell University and served in the Army Air Corps during World War II. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin in 1950. Saricks taught at Ohio State University from 1947 to 1950 before moving to the University of Kansas in 1950. In addition to holding a number of positions in the history department, Saricks also served as associate dean of the graduate school from 1966 to 1970. After two years as dean of the graduate school and associate dean of faculties at Wichita State University, he became vice-chancellor for academic affairs at Kansas, a post he held for three years before returning to full-time teaching. Professor Saricks was an active member of the American Historical Association, the Society for French Historical Studies, the Society of Nineteenth-Century Studies, and the American Association of University Professors. His research specialty was eighteenth-century France. He is best known for editing in two volumes in the series A Bibliography of the Frank E. Melvin Collection of Pamphlets of the French Revolution in the University of Kansas Libraries (1960) and for publishing a biography, Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1965).
Professor Saricks's students remember him as a learned and gentle man with great patience. At the University of Kansas in the late 1960s and early 1970s, he earned a reputation as a statesman as he worked with both students and faculty to alleviate campus tension by creating student-faculty governance. He also demonstrated that the work of an academic and an administrator did not preclude involvement in the community or developing a full life outside the university. He was active in reestablishing the Lawrence Unitarian Fellowship, and is also well known in Lawrence for his involvement in the Lawrence Community Theater, the Kansas Chatauqua, and his support of the theater in general. In the words of former Kansas University chancellor Ray Nichols: "He was a remarkable man in that he had so many talents. He was a man everyone respected, and he will be missed greatly."
John M. Burney