to Offer Postwar Pioneers?
Is Alaska Governed?
For years after the purchase, Alaska struggled along
under the nominal jurisdiction of the United States Army, with little or no government
of its own. Conditions were so bad as to evoke Kiplings line, Theres
never law of God or man runs north of 53. During the 1898 gold rush conditions
became so serious that miners took matters into their own hands and organized
miners meetings, which dealt out rough justice, usually banishment
or the death penalty, on the spot.
Finally, in 1899 and 1900, Congress enacted
a civil and criminal code for Alaska. In 1912 Congress passed the Organic Act
creating the Territory, and the capital was moved from the old Russian site of
Sitka to Juneau.
Today, Alaska is an organized Territory with ambitions
for statehood. The Alaska Legislature, which meets for 60 days every other year,
consists of 16 senators and 24 representatives. Alaska elects a delegate to Congress
who can speak in the House, sponsor bills, and serve on committees, but has no
vote. The governor, whose term is four years, is appointed by the president, and
Congress may disapprove any acts passed by the Legislature. United States commissioners
serve as justices of the peace and probate judges in most communities.
federal government exercises close control over Alaskas fish, forests, fur
animals and other wild life, minerals, and native population, and owns over 90
per cent of all land in Alaska.
Wherever you served in this war, or wherever
you are servingin Alaska, in the States, on a lonely atoll in the South
Pacific, or in the European theaterthis book is intended to give you a glimpse
of Alaskas future and what it has to offer after the war.
that follow show a little of the surprising variety of our last frontierhot
springs bubbling out of snow-covered ground; Eskimos dancing to the latest jive
tunes; stretches of lonely landscape rarely visited by human beings; the sun shining
brightly at 10 p.m.; an Alaska street scene; a remote Eskimo reindeer roundup;
the quaint spire of the Russian-built church in the old capital of Sitka; King
Island Eskimos summering under their upturned boat at Nome; fishermen; a gold
prospector; a soldier slogging his way through Alaskan mud; Ketchikan, first port
of call in Alaska; a trappers cabin in the wilderness.
How Do Alaskans Make a Living?